Improve Your Speech: The Vocal Delivery Process
Vocal Delivery Resources
Here are some key resources relating to accurate and clear vocal delivery:
1. Things you MUST practice ⭐⭐⭐ (Crucial!!)
You must be nearly perfect at fixing contractions and schwa vowels (what’s a schwa?)
For example, “Today I am going downtown” will often be spoken casually as “T’day I’m goin’ downtown”. The main skill is to give it the cadence, rhythm and feel of “T’day I’m goin’ downtown” but the pronunciation of “Today I am going downtown”. You must NOT over emphasize the “o” in “to”, the “a” in “I am”, and the g sound (“ing“) in “going”.
The harder part in correct pronunciation is getting the stress right (cadence, rhythm and feel ), NOT just getting the sound right.
The classic exercise for this is to repeat “T’day I’m goin’ downtown” twice, then say, with the same feel and cadence, “Today I am going downtown”. Get the feel of the rhythm and then change the pronunciation. Repeat in threes:
- T’day I’m goin’ tuh downtown
- T’day I’m goin’ tuh downtown
- Today I am going to downtown
Practice in the car. Also practice catching yourself in daily, casual speech and NOT dropping “g”s in words ending in “ing”.
2. Fixing Pronunciation
At the end of this article are 101 commonly mispronounced words. each word in the list can be clicked to hear how it should be pronounced (turn your sound on). Click here to take a look and then scroll back up to here.
To fix your pronunciation, follow these steps:
- Find words to practice
- Listen to correct pronunciations
- Try to impersonate what you hear. Concentrate on getting the RHYTHM (cadence) right. It’s harder to fix how you are stressing syllables than to simply change pitch. So get the stress right, which “feels” like practicing the RHYTHM of the word.
Here are more places to hear audio of words being spoken, but ►make certain you are listening to the AMERICAN ENGLISH pronunciation—some are in UK or Canadian English.
When using these resources, listen to AT LEAST three. Some of the reads are not quite done in a way that is helpful. If two are identical, use those. If one is a little different, ignore that one.
3. How to Find More Words to Practice ⭐⭐⭐ (Crucial!!)
You will never work in professional voiceover if you don’t do this on your own. We require it of all advanced students.
Your OVERALL articulation and OVERALL accent will improve by working on whatever words or word groupings that you have trouble with.
You must make a list of hundreds of words or word groups (2-5 words) that you don’t say correctly, whether articulation, accent, pronunciation, emphasis—ANY kind of “miss”. Practice these daily AFTER you do your acting practice. (Don’t practice speech while practicing acting!)
Practicing tongue twisters doesn’t count! You MUST make a list from your own speech issues. By doing that, you are diagramming your vocal delivery process without having to pay a speech therapist. Your eventual goal is to have the near-perfect speech of a top voiceover professional. EVERYONE can improve their speech.
When you get a recording after a coaching session, listen to find any problem words or groupings. (Of course you will have already written down any you already suspect or you coach points out to you.) *Every* time you have ANY kind of “miss” when reading out loud write down the word or words that you had an issue with.
In practicing any script, when you have ANY issue, write down the one-to-five words involved. Often the problem is how two or three words fit together, a tongue-twister-type problem, and not simply a single word issue. Your goal is to COLLECT WORDS! So don’t say “I’ll get that right next time”. Write down ANYTHING that ever causes a stumble. The bigger your list, the better you get. You should eventually have over 300 items.
Keep updating your list of the words you have trouble with, and PRACTICE THOSE WORDS! Don’t give up because you’re unclear on what to do! Your GOAL is to find out WHAT IS HARD and get help so you can work on those items more than other items. Click here to set up a call (existing students click here instead) and/or use some of the resources above and below when you feel stuck…even if you get stuck right away. Get help!
*Every* time you have ANY kind of “miss” when reading out loud write it down. It’s not about whether you CAN say something correctly and clearly, it’s about which things falter occasionally in practice.
Over time, sort the list from easiest to hardest and practice the words/word groupings that are more difficult more often. Get help with the hardest ones. Do NOT give up on anything because it’s so difficult you can’t seem to get anywhere with it repeatedly. Get help. (For example, the “fish sauce shop” portion of “Mrs. Smith’s fish sauce shop” can feel impossible to some. Work until you master it, with help if needed.)
Skip down to #3 for more on what to practice. Why should you do this yourself? Why can’t a coach help you fix when you work on mic? Because you can’t work on acting when you’re thinking about diction and accent until you are experienced working on diction and accent. You must gain diction and accent skills SEPARATELY from acting skills, or your acting skills are going to suck. Plus, it’s VERY EASY to find words/word groupings from your recording! There are a lot of minor issues in every session when you’re learning.
4. Oh, Ya: Fix a Rural Accent Y’all
At our Midwest training center, we work with “rural”-type accents (Minnesota, Southern, Greater Appalachia, etc.). With these, the first step is to shorten your vowels on accented words.
Outside urban areas, speech is more relaxed, sounds are drawn out, everything takes a little longer. City dwellers are in a bigger rush, generally.
So how is speech slowed down? Mainly vowels. Shorter, punchier, sharper “staccato” sounds (the “k” sound, for example) can’t be easily stretched. Slower, more “legato” vowel sounds are easily drawn out, however. In fact, often shorter, punchier vowel sounds (think of the “i” in “it”) are mispronounced to make it possible to stretch them out and slow down speech. You also have to accurately pronounce those vowels. For example, pronouncing “oats” in a Minnesota accent starts a bit like “oo”. To pronounce “oats” correctly, you need to form your mouth as if you are going to so say “oh” and not “oo”.
But the hardest thing to fix when slowing down a sound is the length of syllables has changed: the RHYTHM (stress/cadence) of the word has changed. So first you must concentrate on feeling how the RHYTHM (stress/cadence) has to change. And the first step is shortening vowel sounds on words that have a rural accent, such as the Minnesota “o” in, e.g. “Oooh yaah”.
- Test your accent step 1
- Test your accent step 2
- Minnesota’s common pronunciations
- Technical: Upper Midwestern Accent
- Common pronunciations in different states
- More pronunciations
- How to talk Minnesotan
5. Tongue Twisters
Tongue Twisters do NOT help unless you also practice specific speech exercises. You will NOT get better speech if all you practice is tongue twisters.
However, they are good if use them to learn to troubleshoot problems. A classic example is
Mrs. Smith’s fish sauce shop seldom sells shellfish.
To troubleshoot the “fish sauce shop” portion, you have to speak two SH/S pairs, from fiSH to Sauce and then from the “s” sound at the end of sauce to SHop. This is a very common type of troubleshooting issue. Fix it by making one of the syllables in a pair of problem syllables quieter and shorter.
For example, instead of saying “fish sauce” try saying “fish auce”, dropping the “s” in “sauce”. Then try to let the “sh” in “fish” linger a little into a bit of an “s” sound. In this way, you can get the “s” sound to happen clearly without getting a “slushy” sound when switching between them.
Another problem is a kind of “focus fatigue” when syllables that are nearby but not right next to each other are similar. Try saying “Dame Judi Dench” a few times in a row to see how hard it can be. This is like the classic “Red leather, yellow leather” that you can say it once or twice but not repeatedly.
To solve this problem in a script, first, make a mark in the script! Pros make more marks on their scripts, beginners make fewer marks. Second, relax and don’t rush your speech. Finding the right speed is crucial! Practice repeating not just slowly, but clearly. For example, go very, VERY slowly (but speak naturally, not like you are drugged) until you can repeat “Dame Judi Dench” accurately ten times in a row. You’ll find that the main problem is that you will fail to control your speed—you will speed up—and then you will stumble. Learn to maintain a relaxed speed.
English vocabulary resources:
- 101 most Mispronounced Words
- Android • Apple/iOs apps for your smart phone
- http://www.vocabulary.com/ adapts to your level, and
- http://www.vocabsushi.com/ lets you set your level
- http://www.intensivevocab.com/practice/mainpage.cfm is also good
- http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/ has a big list of links, some you might find useful.
- Levels 1 & 2 | http://a4esl.org/a/v.html
- Levels 3 & 4 | http://a4esl.org/a/v3.html
- Levels 5 & 6 | http://a4esl.org/a/v5.html
- Dictionary.com’s Word-of-the-Day
- English-Word Information
- Get The Words
- Improving Vocabulary
- Vocabulary.com: Free Word Puzzles and Activities
- Vocab Vitamins: MyWordaDay, Grammar, Vocabulary Supplements
- WordPlays.com: Word Games
- 10 Ways to Build and Use Your Vocabulary
101 Most Mispronounced Words
😊 CORRECT PRONUNCIATION
► Exercise for Voice Talent:
Add any words you don’t know to your daily articulation practice:
Click any word below to hear how it is pronounced (opens in new tab)
|ACK-ah-ee ; ah-KAI|
uh – RYE
|Calvary (this is a completely different word)|
The C’s are both k sounds
|Chutzpah||“kHUT-spa” kH = slightly aspirated H. “U” as in “put”|
A Very Soft [Th] Sound
|“comp-TROLL-er” though becoming accepted|
|Don’t pronounce the final ue.|
|Costs||Don’t overdo the “sts”|
“kwah-SAHN”; “KWAH-sawn”; “kruh-SAHNT”
Dayta most common, but DATa also correct.
😊 CORRECT PRONUNCIATION
Di/F/Theria This Ph Is “F” Not “P”
et – SET– er – uh
Not a “J” sound, but a hard G
JY-roh or YEE-roh
|Homage||HOM-idge, or “o-MAHJ” (French)|
Three syllables-li-bra-ry, not li-bary
😊 CORRECT PRONUNCIATION
|“mis-CHEE-vee-us” NOT 4 syllables|
Nitch or Neesh are both correct. Ask for preference
The “t” is silent (most preferred pronunciation)
|Hearing the “t” is becoming accepted|
Use a brief “Y” Sound After The L
Options: “pih-KAHN”; “pih-KAN”; “PEE-kan”
pic-shur” or pic-tchur
pre – ROG– uh – tiv
pre – SKRIP – Shun”
|Probly or Prolly|
SHER-biht, no second “R”
The first d and the second e are silent
😊 CORRECT PRONUNCIATION